The City’s History
Luling County was established in the 26th year of Qin Shi Huang’s rule (211 B.C.) and was under the jurisdiction of Jiujiang Prefecture, so Ji’an was named as “Luling” at that time. In Han Dynasty, Luling was under the jurisdiction of Yuzhang Prefecture.
Yuzhang Prefecture was split by Sun Ce (founder of the State of Wu) and Luling Prefecture was then established in 194 A.D., and its county government was located 15 Km away from today’s Taihe County in the northwest. There were 10 counties (Xichang, Gaochang, Shiyang, Baqiu, Nanyue, Dongchang, Xinxing, Jiyang, Xingping, Jiucheng) under its jurisdiction. County government was moved to Xiangzhi of Xichang County (1.5 Km away to the west of present Taihe County) in 199 A.D.. Luling County government moved to Shiyang (8 Km away to the north of Jishui County) in 291 A.D.. Prefectural Chief Konglun established county town near present Kongjiawan of Ji’an city.
Luling Prefecture was renamed as Jizhou in 590 A.D., so Ji’an is also called “Jizhou”. County town was reestablished near Zhaogongtang of Ji’an city. Jizhou was changed back to Luling Prefecture in 607 A.D.. There were four counties (Luling, Taihe, Anfu, Xingan) under its jurisdiction.Luling Prefecture was changed again into Jizhou, there were five counties (Luling, Taihe, Anfu, Xingan, Yongxin) under its jurisdiction. County Town was reestablished inside present Beimen Street of Ji’an City in 682 A.D.. Jizhou was renamed as Luling Prefecture in 742 A.D., and it was changed back in 758 A.D..
Jizhou Luling Millitary was established in 975 A.D., there were 8 counties under Luling’s jurisdiction between 1131 and 1162 A.D.. Jizhou Millitary was revoked in 1277 and Jizhou Road Mansion was established to govern eight counties. Jizhou Road was renamed as Ji’an Road in 1295 governing four prefectures and five counties. With goodwill of living a prosperous and peaceful life, the name “Ji’an” was came into use. Yongxin was revoked and Yongning County was established between 1330 and 1333.
Ji’an Road was changed into Ji’an Mansion in 1368 governing nine counties. Taihe(太和) was changed into Taihe(泰和)in 1369. Qing Dynasty followed Ming Dynasty’s system in its early days. Yongxin and Anfu were revoked and Lotus Office was established in 1743, there were nine counties and one office under its jurisdiction until the end of Qing Dynasty.
Ji’an Mansion was revoked and Lotus Office was upgraded into County in 1912, all were under the jurisdiction of Jiangxi province; Luling was established in Yichun. Longquan, Yongning and Luling were changed into Suichuan, Ninggang and Ji’an respectively. There were 21 counties under the jurisdiction of Luling. Luling moved to Ji’an in 1916 and was revoked in 1926 and all counties were under direct jurisdiction of Jiangxi province. No. 9 Administrative Office was established in Ji’an in 1932 and it was changed to No. 3 Administrative Office in 1939. Administrative inspector commissioner's office was also established.
Jiangxi Provincial Party Committee of CPC held third conference and decided to establish Ji’an local committee on June 30, 1949. Ji’an town was liberated on July 16. Ji’an City was established on July 28. Ji’an Division was changed into Ji’an Special District in September. It was then under the jurisdiction of Jiangxi province since July 1951.
Ji’an City was changed into Ji’an Town in January 1953 and was changed back on December 16. Ji’an City was under direct provincial jurisdiction in 1954. Xingan (新淦) was changed into Xingan (新干) in 1957. Ji’an City is under the leadership of Chief Inspector's Office of Ji’an in 1958. Ninggang County joined Yongxin County on January 1, 1959. It was separated out from Yongxin County on July1. Jinggangshan is mainly build on the basis of original administrative region of Ninggang County and Jinggang County of Suichuan County. Jinggangshan authority was directly under the jurisdiction of provincial government. The reestablishment of Ninggang County was approved by the People's Committee of the province on November 17 and obtained approval of the State Council on January 7, 1960. Its government departments were located in the same office building of Jinggangshan Administration to increase cooperation. On December 6, 1961, Ninggang County and Jinggangshan Administration was divided,and Ninggang County was under the jurisdiction of Ji’an special district. Ji’an Special District was renamed as Jinggangshan District in May 1968. Jinggangshan Authority was renamed as Jinggangshan Revolution Committee and was under the jurisdiction of Jinggangshan District. In 1978, it was under the jurisdiction of provincial government again. Jinggangshan District was renamed as Ji’an District in 1979. Jinggangshan County was established in October 1981 and it was under the jurisdiction of Ji’an Administrative Office.Jinggangshan City was established in December 1982. In 1992, Lianhua County joined Pingxiang City.
With the approval of State Council, Ji’an District was revoked and district-level Ji’an City was established on May 11, 2000. Meanwhile, Ninggang County joined Jianggangshan City. By far,Ji’an City governs Jizhou District, Qingyuan District, Jianggangshan City and Ji’an County, Taihe County, Wan’an County, Suichuan County, Yongxin County, Yongfeng County, Jishui County, Xiajiang County, Anfu County and Xingan County. By the end of December 2001, there are 221 townships and 3,129 administrative villages. According to the Fifth National Census, the total population of Han nationality was 4,349,700, taking up 99.67%. There are 32 ethnic minorities with a total population of 14,4000, including She, Hui, Zhuang, Man, Miao, Yao, Mongolia, Dong, Tujia, Korean, Gaoshan, Drung, Jing, Li, Bai, Buyi, Shui, Tu, Daur, Qiang, Tibetan, Kelao nationalities. The number of She people is 9,841, which comes first among ethic minorities.
According to the Sixth National Census, the total population of Ji’an is 4,810,340 (active servicemen of the Chinese People's Liberation Army and Hongkongnese, Taiwanese and foreigners are excluded) by November 1, 2010.
By far, there are two districts, ten counties, one city under Ji’an’s jurisdiction.
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